Civil war and democratization: a micro-level analysis

Gürses, Mehmet and Çelik, Ayşe Betül and Balta, Evren (2020) Civil war and democratization: a micro-level analysis. Social Science Quarterly, 101 (2). pp. 776-791. ISSN 0038-4941 (Print) 1540-6237 (Online)

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Objective In this study we draw on the conflict between the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and Turkey to explore how exposure to violence can engender support for democracy at the individual level. Methods We rely on two nationwide representative surveys carried out in Turkey and estimate a series of ordered logistic and logistic regression models. Results We find that exposure to violence during civil war is a significant predictor of embracing positive attitudes toward democracy. Wartime experiences are associated with a conceptualization of democracy that underscores equality and greater tolerance toward others. Conclusion Being a member of a repressed minority is not sufficient to explain support for democracy. The link between wartime experiences and holding positive attitudes toward democracy is conditioned by the degree of exposure to violence or which political party is supported.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: political tolerance, democracy, conflict, nationalism, intolerance, moderation, elections, ethnicity, terrorism, prospects
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Academic programs > Political Science
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Academic programs > Conflict Analysis And Resolution
Depositing User: Ayşe Betül Çelik
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2021 00:10
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2021 00:10

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