Untangling the gender gap: nomination and representativeness in Turkish local elections
Yıldırım, Kerem and Kocapınar Yıldırım, Gülnur (2019) Untangling the gender gap: nomination and representativeness in Turkish local elections. Turkish Studies (SI), 20 (2). pp. 222-248. ISSN 1468-3849 (print) 1743-9663 (online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14683849.2018.1553621
The gender gap in national and local politics is an important problem in numerous countries. Two explanations for the deficit experienced by female politicians relate to demand for women's representation by political parties and by voters. We argue that the gender gap stems from party-based limitations in local politics. Women do not compete in local politics because relevant parties do not nominate them. We present original data on mayoral candidates who ran in the 2009 and 2014 Turkish local elections. Our findings show that women are less likely to be nominated for office and reasons for this gap originate from party choices rather than lack of electoral support for women.
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