Party competition in the Middle East: spatial competition in the post-Arab spring era
Çarkoğlu, Ali and Krouwel, Andre and Yıldırım, Kerem (2018) Party competition in the Middle East: spatial competition in the post-Arab spring era. British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies . ISSN 1353-0194 (Print) 1469-3542 (Online) Published Online First http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13530194.2018.1424620
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13530194.2018.1424620
This paper charts the nature of political cleavage between major parties in post-Arab Spring elections in five Mediterranean region countries, with data from online opt-in surveys. We compare the Moroccan elections, held under a consolidated authoritarian regime with the transitional cases of Tunisia and Egypt as well as the more mature democracies of Turkey and Israel. Voter opinions are obtained on 30 salient issues, and parties and voters are aligned along two dimensions. We trace country specific cleavage patterns and reflections of party system maturity in these five countries. The cases of Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco reveal that in less settled cleavage structures there is little congruence between vote propensities for parties and agreement levels with policy positions compared to more institutionalised Israel and Turkey where voters have higher likelihood to vote for a party as the distance between the voter and the party in the policy space gets smaller.
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