Party competition in the Middle East: spatial competition in the post-Arab Spring era

Çarkoğlu, Ali and Krouwel, André and Yıldırım, Kerem (2019) Party competition in the Middle East: spatial competition in the post-Arab Spring era. British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 46 (3). pp. 440-463. ISSN 1353-0194 (Print) 1469-3542 (Online)

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This paper charts the nature of political cleavage between major parties in post-Arab Spring elections in five Mediterranean region countries, with data from online opt-in surveys. We compare the Moroccan elections, held under a consolidated authoritarian regime, with the transitional cases of Tunisia and Egypt as well as the more mature democracies of Turkey and Israel. Voter opinions are obtained on 30 salient issues, and parties and voters are aligned along two dimensions. We trace country-specific cleavage patterns and reflections of party system maturity in these five countries. The cases of Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco reveal that in less settled cleavage structures there is little congruence between vote propensities for parties and agreement levels with policy positions compared to the more institutionalized democracies of Israel and Turkey where voters exhibit a higher likelihood to vote for a party as the distance between the voter and the party in the policy space gets smaller.
Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Depositing User: Kerem Yıldırım
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2023 14:45
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2023 14:45

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