The precarity of progress: implications of a shifting gendered division of labor for relationships and well-being as a function of country-level gender equality

Fisher, Alexandra N. and Ryan, Michelle K. and Liao, Yuan Hsi and Mikołajczak, Gosia and Riedijk, Larisa and Leander, N. Pontus and Abakoumkin, Georgios and Abdul Khaiyom, Jamilah Hanum and Ahmedi, Vjollca and Agostini, Maximilian and Atta, Moshin and Bağcı, Çiğdem and J. Bélanger, Jocelyn and Berisha Kida, Edona and B. I. Bernardo, Allan and Chobthamkit, Phatthanakit and Choi, Hoon Seok and Cristea, Mioara and Damnjanovic, Kaja and Danyliuk, Ivan and Di Santo, Daniela and M. Douglas, Karen and Enea, Violeta and J. Fitzsimons, Gavan and Gómez, Ángel and Gützkow, Ben and Hamaidia, Ali and Helmy, Mai and Hudiyana, Joevarian and Jovanović, Veljko and Jovanović, Veljko and Kende, Anna and Keng, Shian Ling and Kieu, Tra Thi Thanh and Koc, Yasin and Kreienkamp, Jannis and Kurapov, Anton and Lantos, Nóra Anna and P. Lemay, Edward and Lueders, Adrian and Malik, Najma Iqbal and O. McCabe, Kira and Mehulić, Jasmina and Molinario, Erica and Moyano, Manuel and Muhammad, Hayat and Muluk, Hamdi and F. Nisa, Claudia and Nyúl, Boglárka and A. O’Keefe, Paul and Olivias Osuna, Jose Javier and Osin, Evgeny and Park, Joonha and Pica, Gennaro and Pierro, Antonio and Rees, Jonas and Reitsema, Anne Margit and Rullo, Marika and Samekin, Adil and M. Schumpe, Birga and A. Selim, Heyla and Stanton, Michael Vicente and Tseliou, Eleftheria and R vanDellen, Michelle and Vázquez, Alexandra and Wollast, Robin and Yeung, Victoria Wai Lan and Zand, Somayeh and Žeželj, Iris Lav and Zúñiga, Claudia (2024) The precarity of progress: implications of a shifting gendered division of labor for relationships and well-being as a function of country-level gender equality. Sex Roles, 90 (5). pp. 642-658. ISSN 0360-0025 (Print) 1573-2762 (Online)

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The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic saw a shift toward a more traditional division of labor–one where women took greater responsibility for household tasks and childcare than men. We tested whether this regressive shift was more acutely perceived and experienced by women in countries with greater gender equality. Cross-cultural longitudinal survey data for women and men (N = 10,238) was collected weekly during the first few months of the pandemic. Multilevel modelling analyses, based on seven waves of data collection, indicated that a regressive shift was broadly perceived but not uniformly felt. Women and men alike perceived a shift toward a more traditional division of household labor during the first few weeks of the pandemic. However, this perception only undermined women’s satisfaction with their personal relationships and subjective mental health if they lived in countries with higher levels of economic gender equality. Among women in countries with lower levels of economic gender equality, the perceived shift predicted higher relationship satisfaction and mental health. There were no such effects among men. Taken together, our results suggest that subjective perceptions of disempowerment, and the gender role norms that underpin them, should be considered when examining the gendered impact of global crisis.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Division of labor; Gender equality; Gender roles; Interpersonal relationships; Relationship quality; Well being
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Depositing User: Çiğdem Bağcı
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2024 22:16
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2024 22:16

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