Civil wars and displacement

Çelik, Ayşe Betül (2021) Civil wars and displacement. In: Loizides, Neophytos, (ed.) Oxford Research Encyclopedias: International Studies. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

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The growing number of civil wars in the post-Cold War era has been accompanied by a rising number of forcibly displaced people, who either stay within the borders of their own countries, becoming internally displaced persons (IDPs), or cross borders to become refugees. Although many studies have been conducted on the reasons of conflict-induced displacement, various questions remain of interest for the scholars of international relations, especially questions pertaining but not limited to the (a) gendered aspects of conflict, displacement, and peace processes, (b) predicting possible future displacement zones, and (c) best political and social designs for returnee communities in post-civil war contexts. Most studies still focus on the negative consequences of forced migration, undermining how refugees and IDPs can also contribute to the cultural and political environment of the receiving societies. Considering that there is a huge variation in types of conflict, motivations for violence, and the resulting patterns of displacement within the category of civil war, more research on the actors forcing displacement, their intentions, and subsequent effects on return dynamics can benefit research in this field. Similarly, research on return and reconciliation needs to treat displacement and return as a continuum. Paying attention to conflict parties in civil war bears the potential for new areas of exploration whose outcomes can also shed light on policies for post-civil war construction and intergroup reconciliation.
Item Type: Book Section / Chapter
Uncontrolled Keywords: civil war; displacement; forced migration; conflict-induced displacement; refugees; internally displaced persons (IDPs)
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Depositing User: Ayşe Betül Çelik
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2022 14:39
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2022 14:39

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