Micro/Nano-engineered techniques for enhanced pool boiling heat transfer

Sadaghiani, Abdolali Khalili (2019) Micro/Nano-engineered techniques for enhanced pool boiling heat transfer. [Thesis]

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Environmental aspects such as water treatment as well as military applications and thermal management emphasize on the need for next generation cooling technologies based on boiling heat transfer. Micro/nano enhanced surfaces have shown a great potential for the performance enhancement in the systems involving boiling phenomena. The lack of fully understanding the mechanisms responsible for the enhancement on these surfaces and scalability of these technologies for large and complex geometries over the wide range of materials are two main issues. The goals of this dissertation are to provide an understanding about the fundamentals of pool boiling heat transfer (BHT) and critical heat flux (CHF) mechanisms on engineered surfaces, to develop new techniques for surface alteration for BHT and CHF enhancement, and to propose novel, facile and scalable surfaces modification techniques for related industries. Surfaces with artificial cavities, surfaces with different wettability, and surfaces with different porosities were fabricated and tested to shed light into the fundamentals of surface/boiling interaction. In addition, 3-D foam-liked graphene and crenarchaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus P2 bio-coating surface modification techniques were proposed for BHT and CHF enhancement. For artificial cavities it was shown that CHF occurrence on the hydrophilic surfaces is mainly due to hydrodynamic instability, while dry-out is the dominant CHF mechanism on the hydrophobic surfaces. The obtained results imply that although the increase in hole diameter enhances CHF for all the fabricated samples, the effect of pitch size depends on surface wettability such that CHF increases and decreases with pitch size on the hydrophobic and hydrophilic surfaces, respectively. For biphilic surfaces, a novel and facile process flow for the fabrication of biphilic surfaces was proposed. It was shown that boiling heat transfer coefficient and CHF increased with A*=AHydrophobic/ATotal up to 38.46%. Surfaces with A*>38.46% demonstrated a decreasing trend in CHF and heat transfer coefficient enhancement, which is caused by earlier interaction of nucleated bubbles, thereby triggering the generation of vapor blanket at lower wall superheat temperatures. This ratio could serve as a valuable design guideline in the design and development of new generation thermal systems. Pool boiling on pHEMA coated surfaces with thicknesses of 50, 100 and 200 nm were used to study the effect of surface porosity and inclination angle on heat transfer and bubble departure process. According to obtained results, combination of the effects of the interaction between active nucleation sites, the increase in bubble generation frequency, and the increase in bubble interactions were presented as the reasons behind the enhancement in heat transfer on coated surfaces. It was observed that under an optimum condition for the inclination angle, the porous coating provides a suitable escape path for vapor phase, which results in space to be filled by the liquid phase thereby enabling liquid replenishment. Pool boiling experiments conducted on 3D foam-like graphene coated surfaces to show the effect of graphene coating thickness on the pool boiling heat transfer performance. According to the obtained results, 3D structure of the coating has a significant effect on pool boiling heat transfer mechanism. Factors such as pore shape and mechanical resonance of the 3D structure could be possible reasons for bubbling behavior in developed nucleate boiling. Furthermore it was found that there exists an optimum thickness of 3D graphene coatings, where the maximum heat transfer coefficient were achieved. This is mainly due to the trapped bubbles inside the porous medium, which affects the bubble dynamics involving bubble departure diameter and frequency. A novel coating, crenarchaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus P2 biocoatings, were proposed for the performance enhancement of heating and cooling devices, thermofluidic systems, batteries, and micro- and nanofluidic devices. These biocoatings have the potential for addressing high heat removal requirements in many applications involving heat and fluid flows. Pool boiling experiments were performed on biocoated surfaces with thicknesses of 1 and 2μm. The obtained results indicated that biocoated surfaces enhance boiling heat transfer by providing numerous nucleation site densities and by increasing bubble interaction on the superheated surface. Interconnected channels inside the porous coating, and capillary pumping enhance liquid transportation and reduce the liquid-vapor counter flow resistance, thereby delating CHF condition. There is a strong potential economic value of research performed in the framework of this thesis. Refrigeration, automotive/aerospace engineering, thermal management companies will benefit from the commercial development of the performed research
Item Type: Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: Surface modification. -- Fundamental and application. -- MEMS techniques. -- Biocoating. -- Graphene. -- Biphilic surfaces. -- pHEMA coating. -- Surface wettability. -- Artificial cavities. -- Boiling heat transfer. -- Critical heat flux. -- Yüzey modifikasyonu. -- Temel ve uygulama. -- MEMS teknikleri. -- Biyo kaplama. -- Grafen. -- Biphilik yüzeyler -- pHEMA kaplama. -- Yüzey ıslanabilirliği. -- Yapay boşluklar. -- Kaynama ısı transferi. -- Kritik ısı akışı.
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ163.12 Mechatronics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences > Academic programs > Mechatronics
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: IC-Cataloging
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2020 13:49
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2022 10:33
URI: https://research.sabanciuniv.edu/id/eprint/39749

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