Cross-ethnic friendship self-efficacy: a new predictor of cross-ethnic friendships among children

Bağcı, Çiğdem and Cameron, Lindsey and Turner, Rhiannon N. and Morais, Catarina and Carby, Afiya and Ndhlovu, Mirina and Leney, Anaise (2019) Cross-ethnic friendship self-efficacy: a new predictor of cross-ethnic friendships among children. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations . ISSN 1368-4302 (Print) 1461-7188 (Online) Published Online First

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Across two studies (N-Study 1 = 101; N-Study 2 = 262) conducted among children in the UK, we incorporate Bandura's (1986) self-efficacy theory to intergroup contact literature and introduce the new construct of cross-ethnic friendship self-efficacy (CEFSE), the belief that one can successfully form and maintain high-quality cross-ethnic friendships. Study 1 examined whether sources of CEFSE beliefs (prior contact, indirect contact, social norms, and intergroup anxiety) predicted higher quality cross-ethnic friendships through CEFSE. Study 2 replicated Study 1 and extended it by including perceived parental cross-ethnic friendship quality as a further predictor. In both studies, sources of self-efficacy beliefs (except social norms) were related to CEFSE, which predicted higher quality cross-ethnic friendships. Study 2 demonstrated that parental cross-ethnic friendships had direct and indirect associations with children's cross-ethnic friendships through sources of CEFSE and CEFSE beliefs. Findings are discussed in the light of self-efficacy and intergroup contact theories.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: children; cross-ethnic friendships; intergroup contact; parents; self-efficacy
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Depositing User: Çiğdem Bağcı
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2020 16:19
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2022 10:13

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