MIR181A regulates starvation- and rapamycin-induced autophagy through targeting of ATG5

Tekirdağ, Kumsal Ayşe and Korkmaz, Gözde and Özturk, Deniz Gülfem and Agami, Reuven and Gözüaçık, Devrim (2013) MIR181A regulates starvation- and rapamycin-induced autophagy through targeting of ATG5. Autophagy, 9 (3). pp. 374-385. ISSN 1554-8627 (Print) 1554-8635 (Online)

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Macroautophagy (autophagy herein) is a cellular catabolic mechanism activated in response to stress conditions including starvation, hypoxia and misfolded protein accumulation. Abnormalities in autophagy were associated with pathologies including cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. Hence, elucidation of the signaling pathways controlling autophagy is of utmost importance. Recently we and others described microRNAs (miRNAs) as novel and potent modulators of the autophagic activity. Here, we describe MIR181A (hsa-miR-181a-1) as a new autophagy-regulating miRNA. We showed that overexpression of MIR181A resulted in the attenuation of starvation- and rapamycin-induced autophagy in MCF-7, Huh-7 and K562 cells. Moreover, antagomir-mediated inactivation of endogenous miRNA activity stimulated autophagy. We identified ATG5 as an MIR181A target. Indeed, ATG5 cellular levels were decreased in cells upon MIR181A overexpression and increased following the introduction of antagomirs. More importantly, overexpession of ATG5 from a miRNA-insensitive cDNA construct rescued autophagic activity in the presence of MIR181A. We also showed that the ATG5 3' UTR contained functional MIR181A responsive sequences sensitive to point mutations. Therefore, MIR181A is a novel and important regulator of autophagy and ATG5 is a rate-limiting miRNA target in this effect.
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: DG is the corresponding author. Autophagy IF: 7.5
Uncontrolled Keywords: ATG5, MTOR, hsa-miR-181a, macroautophagy, mammalian autophagy regulation, microRNA, rapamycin, starvation
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences > Academic programs > Biological Sciences & Bio Eng.
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Devrim Gözüaçık
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2013 16:24
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2022 09:03
URI: https://research.sabanciuniv.edu/id/eprint/21385

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