Intergroup attitudes between meat-eaters and meat-avoiders: the role of dietary ingroup identification
Bağcı, Çiğdem and Rosenfeld, Daniel L. and Uslu, Dilek (2021) Intergroup attitudes between meat-eaters and meat-avoiders: the role of dietary ingroup identification. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations . ISSN 1368-4302 (Print) 1461-7188 (Online) Published Online First http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/13684302211012768
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/13684302211012768
Why might some meat-eaters and meat-avoiders express negative attitudes toward each other? We investigated intergroup attitudes and potential underpinnings of these attitudes across three different dietary groups—veg*ans (vegetarians and vegans), flexitarians (people who restrict their meat intake partially), and meat-eaters—in Turkey (NStudy 1 = 366; NStudy 2 = 450). In both studies, veg*ans showed the greatest ingroup favouritism and reported the highest ingroup identification and perceived discrimination. Meat enjoyment, moral consideration, and perceived veg*an threat (among meat-eaters) predicted dietary ingroup identification in Study 1, whereas perceived discrimination towards one’s dietary group was the strongest predictor of identification among all dietary groups in Study 2. Among meat-avoiders, but not among meat-eaters, stronger dietary ingroup identification was associated with more negative outgroup attitudes. Findings are discussed in light of social identity theories and intergroup perspectives.
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