Platinum nanoparticles decorated carbon nanofiber hybrids as highly active electrocatalysts for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells
Yarar Kaplan, Begüm and Haghmoradi, Navid and Jamil, Esaam and Merino, Cesar and Alkan Gürsel, Selmiye (2020) Platinum nanoparticles decorated carbon nanofiber hybrids as highly active electrocatalysts for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. lnternational Journal of Energy Research . ISSN 0363-907X (Print) 1099-114X (Online) Published Online First http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/er.5646
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/er.5646
Increasing the efficiency of electrocatalyst is the key demand for the polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). To address the activity and perfor-mance challenges of commercial electrocatalyst, Pt/C, we introduce a new hybrid catalyst support for Pt nanoparticles. In this regard, combining or mixing specific type of carbon-based supports is a feasible strategy to increasecatalyst utilization and performance. In the current study, Pt nanoparticles(NPs) were decorated on a new hybrid network, comprising of carbon nanofiber (CNF) and carbon black (CB), by means of a facile and efficient microwave (MW) assisted reduction method. All synthesized electrocatalysts were characterized to elucidate chemical and morphological structures. Then,the hybrid electrocatalysts were utilized as hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR)and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) electrocatalysts and their electrocatalytic activities were investigated by using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), respectively. We found that the hybridization of CNF withCB substantially improved not only the electrocatalytic activity but also thefuel cell performance, which can be attributed to a consecutive conductive net-work, in which CB acts as a spacer, and synergistic effects between the CNFand CB. The hybrid electrocatalyst (Pt/CNF-CB with 50:50 wt%) showed a superior activity toward HOR and ORR while also offering exceptional fuel cell performance. That hybrid possessed the highest electrochemically active sur-face area (ECS A) compared with Pt/CNF and Pt/CB. In addition, the mass activity (at 0.8 0 V vs RHE) of the Pt/CNF-CB (50:50 wt%) is about 3.3 and 3.5times higher than that of Pt/CNF and Pt/CB, respectively. Furthermore, that hybrid electrocatalyst exhibited enhanced fuel cell performance with 907 mW.cm−1maximum power density. This work demonstrated that the CNF-CB supported Pt nanoparticles as electrocatalysts are extremely promising for fuel cell reactions.
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