Nano-engineering of high-performance PA6.6 nanocomposites by the integration of CVD-grown carbon fiber on graphene as a bicomponent reinforcement by melt-compounding
Çakal Saraç, Elçin and Haghighi Poudeh, Leila and Monfared Zanjani, Jamal Seyyed and Pehlivan, Zeki Semih and Cebeci, Fevzi Çakmak and Aydın, İsmail and Menceloğlu, Yusuf Z. and Saner Okan, Burcu (2019) Nano-engineering of high-performance PA6.6 nanocomposites by the integration of CVD-grown carbon fiber on graphene as a bicomponent reinforcement by melt-compounding. Journal of Applied Polymer Science . ISSN 0021-8995 (Print) 1097-4628 (Online) Published Online First http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.48347
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.48347
In this study, long carbon nanofibers (CNF) were grown on graphene nanoplatelets (GNP) by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technique to develop three-dimensional (3D) bicomponent nanostructures. The structure and properties of graphene before and after CVD process were investigated in details. X-ray photoelectron analysis depicted the formation of Fe-C bonds by the deposition of carbon atoms on the catalyst surface of Fe2O3. This hybrid additive was firstly used as a reinforcing agent in melt compounding to fabricate PA6.6 based nanocomposites with enhanced mechanical and thermal properties. Both GNP and CNF-GNP have enough surface oxygen functional groups to improve the interfacial interactions with polyamide matrix and thus provide good wettability. Also, both neat GNP and its bicomponent additive with CNF also acted as a nucleating agent and allowed the crystal growth in nanocomposite structure. Homogeneous dispersion of nanoparticles was achieved by using thermokinetic mixer during compounding by applying high shear rates. Mechanical results showed that 23% and 34% improvement in flexural and tensile modulus values, respectively, was attained by the addition of 0.5 wt% CNF-GNP hybrid additive. The heat distortion temperature and Vicat softening temperature of the resulting PA6.6 nanocomposites were improved compared to neat PA6.6 material indicating performance enhancement at higher service temperature conditions.
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