Probing the effect of IKK on FOXO3: a regulatory mechanism of apoptosis and autophagy in chemoresistance
Tezil, Tuğsan (2012) Probing the effect of IKK on FOXO3: a regulatory mechanism of apoptosis and autophagy in chemoresistance. [Thesis]
Official URL: http://192.168.1.20/record=b1499075 (Table of Contents)
Breast cancer chemotherapeutics are only 50% successful due to chemoresistance mechanism of cancer cells. FOXO3, a tumor suppressor protein, is involved in the regulation of several cell death-related genes; however, the extent of FOXO3 regulation in chemoresistance mechanism is not fully understood. In this study our aim was to characterize the potential crosstalk between FOXO3 and NF-kappaB pathway with a special focus on IKK-FOXO3 interaction in relation to chemoresistance mechanism. For this purpose, we have used chemoresistant (MDAMB- 231) and chemosensitive (MCF-7) breast cancer cell lines treated with paclitaxel (20nM) or cisplatin (30uM). Administration of 30uM cisplatin induced FOXO3- dependent apoptosis in MCF-7 cells as indicated by RNA interference studies. Following the analysis of NF-kappaB pathway elements by immunoblotting and overexpression studies, we identified the physical interaction between IKK-beta and FOXO3 by co-immunoprecipitation. We have shown that IKK-beta sequesters FOXO3 in the nucleus promoting chemoresistance in MDA-MB-231 cells. Additionally, imbalance between FOXO3 and IKK-beta levels induced autophagy rather than apoptosis in FOXO3 overexpressing MDA-MB-231 cells. We have also studied the effect of p53 on FOXO3 levels and showed p53-dependent FOXO3 inhibition in colorectal cancer cells. This is the first study describing FOXO3 regulation by IKK-beta in detail and showing that FOXO3/IKK-beta ratio may influence the cellular decision of apoptosis or autophagy. In view of the results obtained, NF-kappaB pathway-FOXO3 crosstalk has been discussed and the interaction between FOXO3 and IKK-beta is proposed as a target for therapeutic intervention.
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