An effective electrocatalyst based on platinum nanoparticles supported with graphene nanoplatelets and carbon black hybrid for PEM fuel cells
Arıcı, Ece and Yarar Kaplan, Begüm and Mert, Ahmet Musap and Alkan Gürsel, Selmiye and Kınayyiğit, Şölen (2019) An effective electrocatalyst based on platinum nanoparticles supported with graphene nanoplatelets and carbon black hybrid for PEM fuel cells. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44 (27). pp. 14175-14183. ISSN 0360-3199 (Print) 1879-3487 (Online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.11.210
A facile synthesis at room temperature and at solid-state directly on the support yielded small, homogeneous and well-dispersed Pt nanoparticles (NPs) on CB-carbon black, GNP-graphene nanoplatelets, and CB-GNP-50:50 hybrid support. Synthesized Pt/CB, Pt/GNP and Pt/CB:GNP NPs were used as electrocatalysts for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) reactions. HRTEM results displayed very small, homogeneous and well-dispersed NPs with 1.7, 2.0 and 4.2 nm mean-diameters for the Pt/CB-GNP, Pt/GNP and Pt/CB electrocatalysts, respectively. Electrocatalysts were also characterized by RAMAN, XRD, BET and CV techniques. ECSA values indicated better activity for graphene-based supports with 19 m2 g−1Pt for Pt/GNP and 55 m2 g−1Pt for Pt/CB-GNP compared to 10 m2 g−1Pt for Pt/CB. Oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) studies and fuel cell tests were in parallel with these results where highest maximum power density of 377 mW cm−2 was achieved with Pt/CB-GNP hybrid electrocatalyst. Both fuel cell and ORR studies for Pt/CB-GNP indicated better dispersion of NPs on the support and efficient fuel cell performance that is believed to be due to the prevention of restacking of GNP by CB. To the best of our knowledge, Pt/GNP and Pt/CB-GNP electrocatalysts are the first in literature to be synthesized with the organometallic mild synthesis method using Pt(dba)3 precursor for the PEMFC applications.
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