Two elections and a political regime in crisis: Turkish politics at the crossroads
Kalaycıoğlu, Ersin (2018) Two elections and a political regime in crisis: Turkish politics at the crossroads. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, 18 (1). pp. 21-51. ISSN 1468-3857 (Print) 1743-9639 (Online)
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14683857.2017.1379148
Turkey had its fourth National Assembly elections on 7 June 2015 in the twenty-first century and this time they resulted in a hung parliament. The efforts at establishing a coalition government failed and the country moved to a snap, 'repeat' election on 1 November 2015. This paper focuses on how the voters registered their party preferences almost 5 months apart in the same legislative general elections and why. Using the same sample and interviewing those who lived at the same addresses as those in the ISSP Citizenship survey conducted February to April 2015 and again in October 2015,a panel data-set was constructed. A theoretical framework for voting behaviour that uses party identification, political ideology, ethnic, religious, social class identities and perceptions of the performance of the economy of the respondents to understand what factors help to influence the party preferences of the same respondents 5 months apart. A multivariate (binary logistic regression) analysis of the pre-June and October 2015 data sets revealed that economic voting had been the predominant factor in the June elections, but security concerns also interacted with popular economic evaluations in the November 2015 elections to reinstall the AKP to power.
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