A Categorization of State-NGO relationships in humanitarian diplomacy: the case of İHH in the Philippine peace process
Demircioğlu, Ahmet Faruk (2016) A Categorization of State-NGO relationships in humanitarian diplomacy: the case of İHH in the Philippine peace process. [Thesis]
This study aims to explore the various patterns of relationships IHH Humanitarian Relief Foundation developed with the Turkish state during IHH’s involvement in the Philippine (Mindanao) Peace Process as a member of the Third Party Monitoring Team. This research puts forward a new categorization model for the study of NGO-state relationships. The threefold categorization model that is suggested by Cooper & Hocking (2000) -which consists of Agent, Joint Manager, and Kickstarter patterns- is expanded upon with two additional categories that are suggested by the author of this thesis. Semi-structured interviews with various IHH executives provided the data for this research. This thesis found that although the Agent pattern of relationship is absent in the Philippine case, other forms of cooperative relationships, namely the Joint Manager, and the Kickstarter, do exist. Moreover, IHH is found to establish two distinct patterns of relationships with the Turkish state that lie outside of the threefold categorization of Agent, Joint Manager and Kickstarter as a consequence of the civil society culture of Turkey. These two distinct patterns of relationships are identified in this study as Stakeholder, and Representative.
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