Composite prototyping and vision based hierarchical control of a quad tilt-wing UAV
Sırımoğlu, Efe (2010) Composite prototyping and vision based hierarchical control of a quad tilt-wing UAV. [Thesis]
Official URL: http://192.168.1.20/record=b1302892 (Table of Contents)
As the attention to unmanned systems is increasing, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are becoming more popular based on the rapid advances in technology and growth in operational experience. The main motivation in this vast research field is to diminish the human driven tasks by employing UAVs in critical civilian and military tasks such as traffic monitoring, disasters, surveillance, reconnaissance and border security. Researchers have been developing featured UAVs with intelligent navigation and control systems on more efficient designs aiming to increase the functionality, flight time and maneuverability. This thesis focuses on the composite prototyping and vision based hierarchical control of a quad tilt-wing aerial vehicle (SUAVI: Sabanci University Unmanned Aerial VehIcle). With the tilt-wing mechanism, SUAVI is one of the most challenging UAV concepts by combining advantages of vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) and horizontal flight. Various composite materials are tested for their mechanical properties and the most suitable one is used for prototyping of the aerial vehicle. A hierarchical control structure which consists of high-level and low-level controllers is developed. A vision based high-level controller generates attitude references for the low-level controllers. A Kalman filter fuses data from low-cost inertial sensors to obtain reliable orientation information. Low-level controllers are typically gravity compensated PID controllers. An image based visual servoing (IBVS) algorithm for VTOL, hovering and trajectory tracking is successfully implemented in simulations. Real flight tests demonstrate satisfactory performance of the developed control algorithms.
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