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An evaluation of Turkish local elections from second order elections perspective

Uyar, Emrah (2009) An evaluation of Turkish local elections from second order elections perspective. [Thesis]

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Official URL: http://192.168.1.20/record=b1295923 (Table of Contents)

Abstract

The second order elections model is a useful tool to explain the dynamics of relationship between voting patterns at different level elections. The model envisages elections other than the national contests subordinate to the national elections, and calls them second order national contests. This study examines the patterns of relationship between Turkish local and national elections using the model of second order elections. Basic assumptions of the model; i.e. lower turnout in second order elections, dominance of national issues in voting decisions of voters, vote loss of incumbent parties in the face of rising votes for the smaller parties in second order contests, are tested using the data from Turkish local and national elections as well as a pre-election survey data. The inquiry is conducted at two levels: At the aggregate level average turnout rates for different elections are compared. Also volatility, fragmentation and Effective Number of Parties (ENP) indices are calculated for each election. At the individual level a previously conducted pre-election survey data is utilized in order to build up a logistic regression model. The model controls for the effects of various socio-political, economic, ideological and candidate variables on the decision of voters to change or not to change votes between a national and a local election. These analyses show that although dominated by the national issues (as expected by the model), local issues and candidates are important in Turkish local elections (contrary to the expectations) and local elections do not consistently work in favor of smaller parties. Rather, they fit to national electoral trends, either by validating existing political trends or by signaling rise of a new arrangement in the political scene.

Item Type:Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords:Turkey. -- Local elections. -- National elections. -- Logistic regression. -- Second order elections. -- Türkiye. -- Yerel seçimler. -- Genel seçimler. -- Lojistik regresyon. -- İkinci derece seçimler.
Subjects:J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
ID Code:16503
Deposited By:IC-Cataloging
Deposited On:25 May 2011 14:40
Last Modified:25 May 2011 14:40

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