Funerals and elections: the effects of terrorism on voting behavior in Turkey
Kıbrıs, Arzu (2011) Funerals and elections: the effects of terrorism on voting behavior in Turkey. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 55 (2). pp. 220-247. ISSN 0022-0027
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022002710383664
This article empirically analyzes the effects of terrorism on the electoral choices of the Turkish voters in the 1991 and 1995 general elections. It relies on a unique data set that includes the date and the place of burial of Turkish soldiers and police officers who died in the fight against the terrorist organization PKK. The author uses the number of these security force terror casualties at the district level as a measure of the level of terrorism that the people of that district have been exposed to and analyzes whether and how exposure to terrorism affects people’s electoral choices. The results indicate that Turkish voters are highly sensitive to terrorism and that they blame the government for their losses. Moreover, exposure to terrorism leads to an increase in the vote share of the right-wing parties who are less concessionist toward the terrorist organization’s cause compared to their left-wing counterparts.
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