Political violence and terrorism in Turkey, 1976-80: a retrospective analysis
Sayarı, Sabri (2010) Political violence and terrorism in Turkey, 1976-80: a retrospective analysis. Terrorism and Political Violence, 22 (2). pp. 198-215. ISSN 0954-6553
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546550903574438
During the late 1970s, Turkey experienced a major campaign of political terrorism that was waged by a multiplicity of leftist, ultranationalist, and separatist groups. Between 1976 and 1980, more than 5000 people lost their lives in hundreds of terrorist incidents. The steady escalation of violence amidst a major political and economic crisis undermined the country's fragile democratic system and paved the way for a military coup in September 1980. This study examines the origins and growth of the terrorist movement in Turkey, the main characteristics of political violence, and the causes of the dramatic escalation of terrorism in the late 1970s. The study suggests that although state-sponsored terrorism against Turkey facilitated the rapid proliferation of leftist, rightist, and separatist armed extremist groups, the drift into total terrorism was largely the product of domestic political and social developments.
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