Development and characterization of skin substitutes from electrospun polycaprolactone/silk fibroin

Yıldız, Gülşah and Arslan, Yavuz Emre and Derkus, Burak and Sezgin, Billur and Menceloğlu, Yusuf Z. and Bayar, Gurkan Rasit (2024) Development and characterization of skin substitutes from electrospun polycaprolactone/silk fibroin. Journal of Bioactive and Compatible Polymers, 39 (1). pp. 46-62. ISSN 0883-9115 (Print) 1530-8030 (Online)

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Tissue-engineered skin substitutes have great potential to treat chronic wounds and high-degree burns. Existing solutions, such as Integra Dermal Template, are extensively used for skin defects. However, these templates are still lacking in terms of recreating the functionality of the native tissue and providing scarless healing. In this study, polycaprolactone/silk fibroin (PCL/SF)-based nanofibers with varying blends were fabricated and characterized to develop a novel skin substitute. Morphological analysis showed that the nanofiber distribution of each sample was homogenous without showing any beads. In terms of mechanical properties, all the samples other than SF showed sufficient mechanical strength. It was observed that adding a specific amount of SF into the PCL nanofiber improves the tensile strength of the samples due to the introduction of intermolecular interactions from the functional groups of SF. In addition, incorporating SF into PCL improved Young’s modulus of the PCL nanofibers since SF provides stiffness and structural integrity to the overall structure. Water contact angle analysis was performed as the hydrophilicity of a biomaterial is a significant factor in cell functionality. Each sample had a contact angle between 33° and 48°, indicating the adequate hydrophilicity of nanofibers for advanced cell proliferation other than PCL. Cell proliferation and viability studies were conducted with the seeding of primary human keratinocytes on the samples. It was examined that scaffolds containing blends of PCL and SF resulted in higher cell proliferation and viability after 7 days compared to pure PCL and SF nanofibers.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biomaterials; Electrospinning; PCL; polymer nanofibers; silk fibroin; skin tissue engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Yusuf Z. Menceloğlu
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2024 15:54
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2024 15:54

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