The effect of additively and subtractively created center internal features on microstructure and mechanical performance of inconel-718 parts

Isik, Murat and Emami Tabrizi, Isa and Khan, Raja Muhammad Awais and Yıldız, Mehmet and Aydoğan, Eda and Koç, Bahattin (2024) The effect of additively and subtractively created center internal features on microstructure and mechanical performance of inconel-718 parts. Rapid Prototyping Journal, 30 (2). pp. 287-304. ISSN 1355-2546 (Print) 1758-7670 (Online)

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Purpose: In recent years, additive manufacturing (AM) has started to be used for manufacturing real functional parts and assemblies for critical applications in aerospace, automotive, and machinery industries. Most complex or assembled parts require internal features (IF) such as holes, channels, slots, or guides for locational and mating requirements. Therefore, it is critical to understand and compare the structural and mechanical properties of additively manufactured and conventionally machined IFs. Design/methodology/approach: In this study, mechanical and microstructural properties of Inconel 718 (Inc718) alloy internal features, manufactured either as-built with AM or machining of additively manufactured (AMed) part thereafter were investigated. Findings: The results showed that the average ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of additively manufactured center internal feature (AM-IF) is almost analogous to the machined internal feature (M-IF). However, the yield strength of M-IF is greater than that of AM-IF due the greater surface roughness of the internal feature in AM-IF, which is deemed to surpass the effect of microstructure on the mechanical performance. The results of digital image correlation (DIC) analysis suggest that AM-IF and M-IF conditions have similar strain values under the same stress levels but the specimens with as built IF have a more locally ductile region around their IF, which is confirmed by hardness test results. But this does not change global elongation behavior. The microstructural evolution starting from as-built (AB) and heat-treated (HT) samples to specimens with IF are examined. The microstructure of HT specimens has bimodal grain structure with d phase while the AB specimens display a very fine dendritic microstructure with the presence of carbides. Although they both have close values, machined specimens have a higher frequency of finer grains based on SEM images. Originality/value: It was shown that the concurrent creation of the IF during AM can provide a final part with a preserved ultimate tensile strength and elongation but a decreased yield strength. The variation in UTS of AM-IF increases due to the surface roughness near the internal feature as compared to smooth internal surfaces in M-IF. Hence, the outcomes of this study are believed to be valuable for the industry in terms of determining the appropriate production strategy of parts with IF using AM and postprocessing processes.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Additive manufacturing; DIC analysis; Internal feature; Mechanical properties; Microstructure; Nickel-based alloys
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Integrated Manufacturing Technologies Research and Application Center
Depositing User: Mehmet Yıldız
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2024 22:14
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2024 22:14

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