Systematic investigation of cellular response to hydroxyl group orientation differences on gold glyconanoparticles

Sarıçam, Melike and Ercan Ayra, Merve and Çulha, Mustafa (2023) Systematic investigation of cellular response to hydroxyl group orientation differences on gold glyconanoparticles. ACS Omega, 8 (45). pp. 42921-42935. ISSN 2470-1343

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Nanoparticle (NP) surfaces act as the interface as they interact with living systems and play a critical role in defining their cellular response. The nature of these interactions should be well understood to design safer and more effective NPs to be used in a wide range of biomedical applications. At the moment, it is not clear how a subtle change in surface chemistry will affect an NP’s behavior in a biological system. Thus, understanding the role of such a small change is critical and may allow one to fine-tune a biological response. In this study, the cellular response to −OH orientation differences generated on gold glyconanoparticles, which are recently considered promising therapeutic agents as they mimic a glycocalyx, is investigated. As model molecules, glucose and mannose (C2 epimer) as monosaccharides and lactose and maltose (galactose and glucose as free units, C4 epimer) as disaccharides were chosen to monitor the cellular response in A549, BEAS-2b, and MDA-MB-231 cells through cellular uptake, cytotoxicity, and cell cycle progression. The three cell lines gave various and remarkable cellular responses to the same subtle −OH differences on gold glyconanoparticles, and it is determined that not only −OH orientation differences but also the number of saccharides on gold glyconanoparticles affect the cellular response. It was shown that mannose (C2 epimer to glucose) was significant with the promise of being a therapeutic agent for lung cancer therapy, whereas the toxicological profile of MDA-MB-231 cells was affected by AuNPs-glucose the most. This study demonstrates that clearly small chemical alterations on a NP surface can result in a significant cellular response. It can be concluded that the −OH orientation at the second and fourth carbon of a carbohydrate ring has a critical role in designing and engineering novel gold glyconanoparticles (consisting of monolayer mono- or disaccharides) for a specific cancer therapy.
Item Type: Article
Divisions: Sabancı University Nanotechnology Research and Application Center
Depositing User: Mustafa Çulha
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2024 22:01
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2024 22:01

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