Predicting structural susceptibility of proteins to proteolytic processing

Matveev, Evgenii V. and Safronov, Vyacheslav V. and Ponomarev, Gennady V. and Kazanov, Marat (2023) Predicting structural susceptibility of proteins to proteolytic processing. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 24 (13). ISSN 1661-6596 (Print) 1422-0067 (Online)

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The importance of 3D protein structure in proteolytic processing is well known. However, despite the plethora of existing methods for predicting proteolytic sites, only a few of them utilize the structural features of potential substrates as predictors. Moreover, to our knowledge, there is currently no method available for predicting the structural susceptibility of protein regions to proteolysis. We developed such a method using data from CutDB, a database that contains experimentally verified proteolytic events. For prediction, we utilized structural features that have been shown to influence proteolysis in earlier studies, such as solvent accessibility, secondary structure, and temperature factor. Additionally, we introduced new structural features, including length of protruded loops and flexibility of protein termini. To maximize the prediction quality of the method, we carefully curated the training set, selected an appropriate machine learning method, and sampled negative examples to determine the optimal positive-to-negative class size ratio. We demonstrated that combining our method with models of protease primary specificity can outperform existing bioinformatics methods for the prediction of proteolytic sites. We also discussed the possibility of utilizing this method for bioinformatics prediction of other post-translational modifications.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: protease substrates; proteases; regulatory proteolysis; substrate identification
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Marat Kazanov
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2023 20:41
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2023 20:41

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