An artificial neural network based target angle estimation technique for FMCW MIMO radars

Akçapınar, Kudret and Önhon, Naime Özben and Gürbüz, Özgür (2023) An artificial neural network based target angle estimation technique for FMCW MIMO radars. Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, 134 . pp. 119-130. ISSN 1937-8718

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In this paper, an artificial neural network (ANN) based approach is proposed for the estimation of the target angle using Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) radars operating in Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW). The proposed technique operates in two stages, with the first stage being the formation of the range profile at each MIMO element via Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) and the second stage being the estimation of the target azimuth angle via an artificial neural network. The range profile formed in the first stage is fed to the second stage as a single snapshot angle measurement. The performance of the proposed technique is apprised with other existing methods under different Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) conditions and measurement model uncertainties. The simulations performed show that the learning capability of the model strongly hinges on SNR conditions, and the learning process is ameliorated as SNR in training data increases as anticipated. Under low SNR conditions, the proposed technique performs better than other techniques in terms of Mean Square Error (MSE). We have also shown that our solution remains unaffected by the model uncertainties as it fully relies on the calibration data, while the performance of the model-based angle estimation techniques dramatically degrades as the uncertainty in the underlying model grows.
Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Özgür Gürbüz
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2023 17:31
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2023 17:31

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