Switching analysis of magnetic vortices in reduced dimensions under pulsed electric fields

Al-dulaimi, Wael Ali Saeed (2022) Switching analysis of magnetic vortices in reduced dimensions under pulsed electric fields. [Thesis]

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The stability of magnetism in reduced dimensions has become a major scientific agenda in the pursuit of implementing magnetic nanostructures as functional components in spintronic devices. Methods to probe and control magnetization states of such structures in a deterministic manner include the use of spin polarized currents, photon absorption, and relatively recently, electric fields that tailor magnetoelectric coupling in multiferroic based structures. In theory, a short electric pulse is able to generate localized magnetic fields that can couple to the local magnetic dipoles electrodynamically. Here, using the Landau–Lifshitz–Gilbert formalism of magnetism dynamics combined with continuum Maxwell relations, the response of a ferromagnetic permalloy nanodisc to nanosecond electric field pulses is studied. The dynamics of the magnetic order of the nanodiscs during this process are examined and discussed. Ferromagnet nanodiscs, when below a critical size and in the absence of any external field, relax to a vortex phase as the ground state due to the demagnetizing field. Simulations demonstrate that the planar chirality of such a ferromagnet nanodisc can be switched via a time-wise electric field pulse on the order of a few ns duration that generates radially varying tangential magnetic fields. These fields couple to the vortex state of the nanodisc ferromagnet electrodynamically, revealing an effective and robust method to control chirality. Here, we focus on the analysis of the energetics of the reversal process. A strong thickness dependence of the chirality reversal in the nanodiscs is found that emanates from the anisotropy of the demagnetizing fields. Our results indicate that chiral switching of the magnetic moiv ments in thin discs can give rise to a transient vortex-antivortex lattice not observed in thicker discs. This difference in the chirality reversal mechanism emanates from profoundly different energy barriers to overcome in thin and thicker discs. We also report the polarity-chirality correlation of a vortex that appears to depend on the aspect ratio of the nanodiscs.
Item Type: Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ferromagnetic nano-structures. -- vortex state. -- LLG equation. -- spintronics. -- micromagnetic simulations. -- Ferromanyetik nano yapılar. -- girdap durumu. -- LLG denklemi. -- spintronics. -- simülasyonlar.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences > Academic programs > Materials Science & Eng.
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Dila Günay
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2023 16:15
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2023 14:51
URI: https://research.sabanciuniv.edu/id/eprint/47481

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