Differential endothelial signaling responses elicited by chemogenetic H2O2 synthesis

Saeedi Saravi, Seyed Soheil and Eroğlu, Emrah and Waldeck-Weiermair, Markus and Sorrentino, Andrea and Steinhorn, Benjamin and Belousov, Vselovod and Michel, Thomas (2020) Differential endothelial signaling responses elicited by chemogenetic H2O2 synthesis. Redox Biology, 36 . ISSN 2213-2317

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Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) modulates critical phosphorylation pathways in vascular endothelial cells, many of which affect endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) signal transduction. Both intracellular and extracellular sources of H2O2 have been implicated in eNOS regulation, yet the specific endothelial pathways remain incompletely understood. Here we exploited chemogenetic approaches and live-cell imaging methods to both generate and detect H2O2 in different subcellular compartments (cytosol, nucleus, and caveolae) of cultured EA.hy926 human endothelial cells. We developed novel recombinant constructs encoding differentially-targeted yeast D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO), which generates H2O2 only when its D-amino acid substrate is provided. DAAO was expressed as a fusion protein with the new H2O2 biosensor HyPer7.2, which allowed us to quantitate intracellular H2O2 levels by ratiometric imaging in living endothelial cells following the activation of DAAO by D-alanine. The addition of extracellular H2O2 to the HyPer-DAAO-transfected cells led to increases in H2O2 throughout different regions of the cell, as measured using the differentially-targeted HyPer biosensor for H2O2. The sensor response to extracellular H2O2 was more rapid than that quantitated following the addition of D-alanine to transfected cells to activate differentially-targeted DAAO. The maximal intracellular levels of H2O2 observed in response to the addition of extracellular H2O2 vs. intracellular (DAAO-generated) H2O2 were quantitatively similar. Despite these similarities in the measured levels of intracellular H2O2, we observed a remarkable quantitative difference in the activation of endothelial phosphorylation pathways between chemogenetically-generated intracellular H2O2 and the phosphorylation responses elicited by the addition of extracellular H2O2 to the cells. Addition of extracellular H2O2 had only a nominal effect on phosphorylation of eNOS, kinase Akt or AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). By contrast, intracellular H2O2 generation by DAAO caused striking increases in the phosphorylation of these same key signaling proteins. We also found that the AMPK inhibitor Compound C completely blocked nuclear H2O2-promoted eNOS phosphorylation. However, Compound C had no effect on eNOS phosphorylation following H2O2 generation from cytosol- or caveolae-targeted DAAO. We conclude that H2O2 generated in the cell nucleus activates AMPK, leading to eNOS phosphorylation; in contrast, AMPK activation by cytosol- or caveolae-derived H2O2 does not promote eNOS phosphorylation via AMPK. These findings indicate that H2O2 generated in different subcellular compartments differentially modulates endothelial cell phosphorylation pathways, and suggest that dynamic subcellular localization of oxidants may modulate signaling responses in endothelial cells.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biosensors; Chemogenetics; eNOS; Hydrogen peroxide; Phosphorylation; Signal transduction; Subcellular targeting
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences > Academic programs > Biological Sciences & Bio Eng.
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Emrah Eroğlu
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2023 22:44
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2023 22:44
URI: https://research.sabanciuniv.edu/id/eprint/46759

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