CoFe2O4/Fe magnetic nanocomposite: exchange coupling behavior and microwave absorbing property

Mahdikhah, V. and Ataie, A. and Babaei, A. and Sheibani, S. and Ow-Yang, Cleva W. and Khabbazabkenar, Sirous (2020) CoFe2O4/Fe magnetic nanocomposite: exchange coupling behavior and microwave absorbing property. Ceramics International, 46 (11). pp. 17903-17916. ISSN 0272-8842 (Print) 1873-3956 (Online)

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In this research, a CoFe2O4/Fe magnetic nanocomposite was successfully produced through mechanical alloying. The effects of different Fe concentrations (10, 30, and 50 wt %) and milling time (1, 3, 5, and 10 h) on the characteristics of the nanocomposite samples were systematically investigated. Single-phase CoFe2O4 nanoparticles were produced with a mean particle size of 60 nm and a saturation magnetization of 76 emu/g. The FESEM and HRTEM images confirm the heterostructure and particle size reduction of the CoFe2O4/30 wt% Fe nanocomposite after milling for 5 h. Also, the STEM-EDX signals of this nanocomposite sample revealed a uniform elemental distribution after 5 h of milling. The single-phase-like hysteresis loop and switching field distribution curves of 3-h milled nanocomposites containing 10 and 30 wt% Fe, revealed exchange coupling in the nanocomposite samples. This result was confirmed by simultaneous enhancements of the maximum energy product (BH)max and the remnant magnetization/saturation magnetization ratio (Mr/Ms). The (BH)max value of the CoFe2O4/10 wt% Fe nanocomposite after 3 h milling was 2.7 MGOe, which was about 1.8 times higher than that of single-phase CoFe2O4 nanoparticles. An epoxy-based nanocomposite fabricated with CoFe2O4/Fe segments exhibited magnetic losses in the X-band frequency range. The maximum reflection loss (−27 dB at 11.2 GHz frequency) for the CoFe2O4/30 wt% Fe nanocomposite milled for 10 h was 8 times greater than that of pure CoFe2O4 nanoparticles.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CoFe2O4; Exchange coupling interaction; Fe; Mechanical alloying; Microwave absorption; Nanocomposite
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences > Academic programs > Materials Science & Eng.
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Sabancı University Nanotechnology Research and Application Center
Depositing User: Cleva W. Ow-Yang
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2023 10:10
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2023 10:10

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