Angular dependence of coherent radio emission from magnetars with multipolar magnetic fields

Yamasaki, Shotaro and Ekşi, Kazım Yavuz and Göğüş, Ersin (2022) Angular dependence of coherent radio emission from magnetars with multipolar magnetic fields. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 512 (3). pp. 3189-3194. ISSN 0035-8711 (Print) 1365-2966 (Online)

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The recent detection of a fast radio burst (FRB) from a Galactic magnetar secured the fact that neutron stars (NSs) with superstrong magnetic fields are capable of producing these extremely bright coherent radio bursts. One of the leading mechanisms to explain the origin of such coherent radio emission is the curvature radiation process within the dipolar magnetic field structure. It has, however, already been demonstrated that magnetars likely have a more complex magnetic field topology. Here, we critically investigate curvature radio emission in the presence of inclined dipolar and quadrupolar ('quadrudipolar') magnetic fields and show that such field structures differ in their angular characteristics from a purely dipolar case. We analytically show that the shape of open field lines can be modified significantly depending on both the ratio of quadrupole to dipole field strength and their inclination angle at the NS surface. This creates multiple points along each magnetic field line that coincide with the observer's line of sight, and may explain the complex spectral and temporal structure of the observed FRBs. We also find that in quadrudipole, the radio beam can take a wider angular range and the beamwidth can be wider than that in pure dipole. This may explain why the pulse width of the transient radio pulsation from magnetars is as large as that of ordinary radio pulsars.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: radiation mechanisms: general; stars: neutron
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Ersin Göğüş
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2023 14:52
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2023 14:52

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