Breeding history for shattering trait in sesame: classic to genomic approach

Qureshi, Moin and Langham, D. Ray and Lucas, Stuart J. and Uzun, Bulent and Yol, Engin (2022) Breeding history for shattering trait in sesame: classic to genomic approach. Molecular Biology Reports, 49 (7). pp. 7185-7194. ISSN 0301-4851 (Print) 1573-4978 (Online)

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Sesame is an important oilseed crop that has high oil and protein content and unique antioxidant lignans. Capsule shattering at harvest is one of the most important problems affecting sesame production, with seed losses of up to 50%, making the crop unsuitable for mechanized harvesting. This paper provides an overview of breeding approaches addressing the capsule shattering trait in sesame and gives an outlook about the future perspectives of improvement for this trait. Sesame research has proceeded along the following parallel tracks: breeding for additional shatter resistance for manual harvest, breeding for mechanized harvest, and using molecular biology to improve the shatter resistance trait. In the future, genes controlling the shattering trait should be studied with techniques like RNA interference (RNAi), site-oriented mutagenesis, and gene editing with zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) or CRISPR/Cas9, to develop new sesame varieties with capsules suitable for fully mechanized harvest.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dehiscent; Genomic; Oilseed crops; Seed shattering; Sesame
Divisions: Sabancı University Nanotechnology Research and Application Center
Depositing User: Stuart J. Lucas
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2022 16:13
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2022 16:13

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