Non-coding RNA-based regulation of inflammation

Ashrafizadeh, Milad and Zarrabi, Ali and Mostafavi, Ebrahim and Aref, Amir Reza and Sethi, Gautam and Wang, Lingzhi and Tergaonkar, Vinay (2022) Non-coding RNA-based regulation of inflammation. Seminars in Immunology . ISSN 1044-5323 (Print) 1096-3618 (Online) Published Online First

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Inflammation is a multifactorial process and various biological mechanisms and pathways participate in its development. The presence of inflammation is involved in pathogenesis of different diseases such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases and even, cancer. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) comprise large part of transcribed genome and their critical function in physiological and pathological conditions has been confirmed. The present review focuses on miRNAs, lncRNAs and circRNAs as ncRNAs and their potential functions in inflammation regulation and resolution. Pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory factors are regulated by miRNAs via binding to 3'-UTR or indirectly via affecting other pathways such as SIRT1 and NF-κB. LncRNAs display a similar function and they can also affect miRNAs via sponging in regulating levels of cytokines. CircRNAs mainly affect miRNAs and reduce their expression in regulating cytokine levels. Notably, exosomal ncRNAs have shown capacity in inflammation resolution. In addition to pre-clinical studies, clinical trials have examined role of ncRNAs in inflammation-mediated disease pathogenesis and cytokine regulation. The therapeutic targeting of ncRNAs using drugs and nucleic acids have been analyzed to reduce inflammation in disease therapy. Therefore, ncRNAs can serve as diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic targets in inflammation-related diseases in pre-clinical and clinical backgrounds.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anti-inflammatory mechanisms; Inflammatory storm; NcRNAs; NF-κB
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Milad Ashrafizadeh
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2022 21:59
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2022 21:59

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