Discrimination of receptor-mediated endocytosis by surface-enhanced raman scattering

Yılmaz, Deniz and Çulha, Mustafa (2022) Discrimination of receptor-mediated endocytosis by surface-enhanced raman scattering. Langmuir, 38 (20). pp. 6281-6294. ISSN 0743-7463 (Print) 1520-5827 (Online)

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Cellular energy required for the maintenance of cellular life is stored in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Understanding cellular mechanisms, including ATP-dependent metabolisms, is crucial for disease diagnosis and treatment, including drug development and investigation of new therapeutic systems. As an ATP-dependent metabolism, endocytosis plays a key role not only in the internalization of molecules but also in processes including cell growth, differentiation, and signaling. To understand cellular mechanisms including endocytosis, many techniques ranging from molecular approaches to spectroscopy are used. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is shown to provide valuable label-free molecular information from living cells. In this study, receptor-mediated endocytosis was investigated with SERS by inhibiting endocytosis with ATP depletion agents: sodium azide (NaN3) and 2-deoxy-d-glucose (dG). Human lung bronchial epithelium (Beas-2b) cells, normal prostate epithelium (PNT1A) cells, and cervical cancer epithelium (HeLa) cells were used as models. First, the effect of NaN3 and dG on the cells were examined through cytotoxicity, apoptosis-necrosis, ATP assay, and uptake inhibition analysis. An attempt to relate the spectral changes in the cellular spectra to the studied cellular events, receptor-mediated endocytosis inhibition, was made. It was found that the effect of two different ATP depletion agents can be discriminated by SERS, and hence receptor-mediated endocytosis can be tracked from single living cells with the technique without using a label and with limited sample preparation.
Item Type: Article
Divisions: Sabancı University Nanotechnology Research and Application Center
Depositing User: Mustafa Çulha
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2022 20:06
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2023 15:45
URI: https://research.sabanciuniv.edu/id/eprint/44185

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