The pathological effects of a Nosema ceranae infection in the giant honey bee, Apis dorsata Fabricius, 1793

Ponkit, Rujira and Naree, Sanchai and Mayack, Christopher and Suwannapong, Guntima (2021) The pathological effects of a Nosema ceranae infection in the giant honey bee, Apis dorsata Fabricius, 1793. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 185 . ISSN 0022-2011 (Print) 1096-0805 (Online)

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Nosema ceranae is an intracellular microsporidian pathogen that lives in the midgut ventricular cells of all known honey bee Apis species. We suspect that N. ceranae may also cause energetic stress in the giant honey bee because this parasite is known to disrupt nutrient absorption resulting in energetic stress in the honey bee species Apis mellifera. To understand how N. ceranae impacts the energetic stress of the giant honey bee, A. dorsata, we measured the hemolymph trehalose levels of experimentally infected giant honey bees on days three, five, seven, and fourteen post infection (p.i.). We also measured the hypopharyngeal gland protein content, the total midgut proteolytic enzyme activity, honey bee survival, infection ratio, and spore loads comparing infected and uninfected honey bees across the same time frame. Nosema ceranae-infected honey bees had significantly lowered survival, trehalose levels, hypopharyngeal gland protein content, and midgut proteolytic enzyme activity. We found an increasing level of parasitic loads and infection ratio of N. ceranae-infected bees after inoculation. Collectively, our results suggest that the giant honey bee suffers from energetic stress and limited nutrient absorption from a N. ceranae infection, which results in lowered survival in comparison to uninfected honey bees. Our findings highlight that other honey bee species besides A. mellifera are susceptible to microsporidian pathogens that they harbor, which results in negative effects on health and survival. Therefore, these pathogens might be transmitted at a community level, in the natural environment, resulting in negative health effects of multiple honey bee species.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Apis dorsata; Energetic stress; Infection; Nosema ceranae
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences > Academic programs > Biological Sciences & Bio Eng.
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Christopher Mayack
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2022 16:24
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2022 16:24

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