Compound heterozygous p. Arg949Trp and p. Gly970Ala mutations deteriorated the function of PEX1p: a study on PEX1 in a patient with Zellweger syndrome

Alamatsaz, Marzieh and Jalalypour, Farzaneh and Hashemi, Motahare Sadat and Shafeghati, Yousef and Nasr-Esfahani, Mohammad Hossein and Ghaedi, Kamran (2021) Compound heterozygous p. Arg949Trp and p. Gly970Ala mutations deteriorated the function of PEX1p: a study on PEX1 in a patient with Zellweger syndrome. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, 122 (9). pp. 1229-1238. ISSN 0730-2312 (Print) 1097-4644 (Online)

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The peroxisome is responsible for a variety of vital pathways in primary metabolism, including the very long-chain fatty-acid oxidation and plasmalogen lipid biosynthesis. Autosomal recessive disorder of the Zellweger spectrum (ZSD) is a major subset of peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs) that can be caused by mutations in any of the 14 PEX genes. Zellweger syndrome (ZS) is the foremost common and severe phenotype within the heterogeneous ZSD. However, missense mutations encode proteins with residual functions, which are associated with phenotypes that are milder than ZS. Mutations in the PEX1 gene are among the most prevalent. PEX1 and PEX6 proteins, belonging to the AAA family of ATPases, form a hexameric complex, which is associated with peroxisome membranes and essential for peroxisome biology. In this study, a two-month-old Iranian boy with hypotonia, poor feeding, and difficulty in breathing was diagnosed with Zellweger syndrome. The parents of the patient were second cousins and healthy and no similar cases were observed in the parents' family. The PEX1 gene was sequenced in the patient and his parents. The compound heterozygous mutations, p. Arg949Trp and p. Gly970Ala, were identified in the patient, while the parents were heterozygous for these alleles. Sequence analysis of the mutant PEX1 D2 domain revealed that mutation p. Arg949Trp precisely occurred in a conserved arginine residue (P4 Arg), which hinders the substrate processing of the complex. Several database records have reported mutation p. Arg949Trp(R949W) but its clinical significance is given as uncertain. We report here a novel mutation, p. Gly970Ala, which is not recorded before and may prevent proper interaction of PEX1 and PEX6 proteins. In summary, the clinical findings and peroxisome profile of the patient suggested that compound heterozygosity for these two missense mutations resulted in a nonfunctional PEX1/PEX6 complex causing the severe ZS phenotype.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: peroxisomal biogenesis disorder; PEX1; very long-chain fatty acids; Zellweger syndrome
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Farzaneh Jalalypour
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2022 09:22
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2022 09:22

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