A robust bootstrap test for mediation analysis

Alfons, Andreas and Ateş, Nüfer Yasin and Groenen, Patrick J.F. (2022) A robust bootstrap test for mediation analysis. Organizational Research Methods, 25 (3). pp. 591-617. ISSN 1094-4281 (Print) 1552-7425 (Online)

This is the latest version of this item.

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)


Mediation analysis is central to theory building and testing in organizational sciences. Scholars often use linear regression analysis based on normal-theory maximum likelihood estimators to test mediation. However, these estimators are very sensitive to deviations from normality assumptions, such as outliers, heavy tails, or skewness of the observed distribution. This sensitivity seriously threatens the empirical testing of theory about mediation mechanisms. To overcome this threat, we develop a robust mediation method that yields reliable results even when the data deviate from normality assumptions. We demonstrate the mechanics of our proposed method in an illustrative case, while simulation studies show that our method is both superior in estimating the effect size and more reliable in assessing its significance than the existing methods. Furthermore, we provide freely available software in R and SPSS to enhance its accessibility and adoption by empirical researchers.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bootstrap; linear regression; mediation analysis; robust statistics
Divisions: Sabancı Business School
Depositing User: Nüfer Yasin Ateş
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2022 11:59
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2022 11:59
URI: https://research.sabanciuniv.edu/id/eprint/43625

Available Versions of this Item

Actions (login required)

View Item
View Item