Anti-inflammatory activity of melatonin: a focus on the role of NLRP3 inflammasome

Ashrafizadeh, Milad and Najafi, Masoud and Kavyiani, Nasim and Mohammadinejad, Reza and Farkhondeh, Tahereh and Samarghandian, Saeed (2021) Anti-inflammatory activity of melatonin: a focus on the role of NLRP3 inflammasome. Inflammation, 44 (4). pp. 1207-1222. ISSN 0360-3997 (Print) 1573-2576 (Online)

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Melatonin is a hormone of the pineal gland that contributes to the regulation of physiological activities, such as sleep, circadian rhythm, and neuroendocrine processes. Melatonin is found in several plants and has pharmacological activities including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective, and neuroprotective. It also has shown therapeutic efficacy in treatment of cancer and diabetes. Melatonin affects several molecular pathways to exert its protective effects. The NLRP3 inflammasome is considered a novel target of melatonin. This inflammasome contributes to enhanced level of IL-1β, caspase-1 activation, and pyroptosis stimulation. The function of NLRP3 inflammasome has been explored in various diseases, including cancer, diabetes, and neurological disorders. By inhibiting NLRP3, melatonin diminishes inflammation and influences various molecular pathways, such as SIRT1, microRNA, long non-coding RNA, and Wnt/β-catenin. Here, we discuss these molecular pathways and suggest that melatonin-induced inhibition of NLRP3 should be advanced in disease therapy.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: anti-inflammatory; disease therapy; inflammation; melatonin; NLRP3
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Sabancı University Nanotechnology Research and Application Center
Depositing User: Milad Ashrafizadeh
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2022 14:06
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2022 14:06

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