Poly (Lactic acid)/ground tire rubber blends using peroxide vulcanization

Candau, Nicolas and Oğuz, Oğuzhan and León Albiter, Noel and Förster, Gero and Maspoch, Maria Lluïsa (2021) Poly (Lactic acid)/ground tire rubber blends using peroxide vulcanization. Polymers, 13 (9). ISSN 2073-4360

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Poly (Lactic Acid) (PLA)/Ground Tire Rubber (GTR) blends using Dicumyl peroxide (DCP) as a crosslinking agent were prepared with the following aims: propose a new route to recycle wastes rubber from the automotive industry and improve the toughness and impact strength of the inherently brittle bio‐based PLA. The GTR were subjected to two types of grinding process (cryoand dry ambient grinding). Swelling measurements revealed the grinding to be associated with a mechanical damage of the rubber chains, independently on the type of grinding or on the GTR size (from <400 μm to <63 μm). Moreover, the finest GTR contains the largest amount of reinforcing elements (carbon black, clay) that can be advantageously used in PLA/GTR blends. Indeed, the use of the finest cryo‐grinded GTR in the presence of DCP showed the least decrease of the tensile strength (−30%); maintenance of the tensile modulus and the largest improvement of the strain at break (+80%), energy at break (+60%) and impact strength (+90%) as compared to the neat PLA. The results were attributed to the good dispersion of both fine GTR and clay particles into the PLA matrix. Moreover, a possible re‐crosslinking of the GTR particles and/or co‐crosslinking at PLA/GTR interface in presence of DCP is expected to contribute to such improved ductility and impact strength.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Poly (lactic acid) (PLA); Recycling; Tensile properties; Wastes rubber
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences > Academic programs > Materials Science & Eng.
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Integrated Manufacturing Technologies Research and Application Center
Depositing User: Oğuzhan Oğuz
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2022 20:53
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2022 20:53
URI: https://research.sabanciuniv.edu/id/eprint/43467

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