Dynamic community composition unravels allosteric communication in pdz3

Güçlü, Tandaç Fürkan and Atılgan, Ali Rana and Atılgan, Canan (2021) Dynamic community composition unravels allosteric communication in pdz3. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 125 (9). pp. 2266-2276. ISSN 1520-6106 (Print) 1520-5207 (Online)

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The third domain of PSD-95 (PDZ3) is a model for investigating allosteric communication in protein and ligand interactions. While motifs contributing to its binding specificity have been scrutinized, a conformational dynamical basis is yet to be established. Despite the miniscule structural changes due to point mutants, the observed significant binding affinity differences have previously been assessed with a focus on two α-helices located at the binding groove (α2) and the C-terminus (α3). Here, we employ a new computational approach to develop a generalized view on the molecular basis of PDZ3 binding selectivity and interaction communication for a set of point mutants of the protein (G330T, H372A, G330T-H372A) and its ligand (CRIPT, named L1, and its T-2F variant, L2) along with the wild type (WT). To analyze the dynamical aspects hidden in the conformations that are produced by molecular dynamics simulations, we utilize variations in community composition calculated based on the betweenness centrality measure from graph theory. We find that the highly charged N-terminus, which is located far from the ligand, has the propensity to share the same community with the ligand in the biologically functional complexes, indicating a distal segment might mediate the binding dynamics. N- and C-termini of PDZ3 share communities, and α3 acts as a hub for the whole protein by sustaining the communication with all structural segments, albeit being a trait not unique to the functional complexes. Moreover, α2 which lines the binding cavity frequently parts communities with the ligand and is not a controller of the binding but is rather a slave to the overall dynamics coordinated by the N-terminus. Thus, ligand binding fate in PDZ3 is traced to the population of community compositions extracted from dynamics despite the lack of significant conformational changes.
Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Canan Atılgan
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2022 15:50
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2022 15:50
URI: https://research.sabanciuniv.edu/id/eprint/43416

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