MicroRNA-mediated autophagy regulation in cancer therapy: the role in chemoresistance/chemosensitivity

Ashrafizadeh, Milad and Zarrabi, Ali and Orouei, Sima and Hushmandi, Kiavash and Hakimi, Azadeh and Zabolian, Amirhossein and Daneshi, Salman and Samarghandian, Saeed and Baradaran, Behzad and Najafi, Masoud (2021) MicroRNA-mediated autophagy regulation in cancer therapy: the role in chemoresistance/chemosensitivity. European Journal of Pharmacology, 892 . ISSN 0014-2999 (Print) 1879-0712 (Online)

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Chemoresistance has doubled the effort needed to reach an effective treatment for cancer. Now, scientists should consider molecular pathways and mechanisms involved in chemoresistance to overcome cancer. Autophagy is a “self-digestion” mechanism in which potentially toxic and aged organelles and macromolecules are degraded. Increasing evidence has shown that autophagy possesses dual role in cancer cells (onco-suppressor or oncogene). So, it is vital to identify its role in cancer progression and malignancy. MicroRNAs (miRs) are epigenetic factors capable of modulation of autophagy in cancer cells. In the current review, we emphasize on the relationship between miRs and autophagy in cancer chemotherapy. Besides, we discuss upstream mediators of miR/autophagy axis in cancer chemotherapy including long non-coding RNAs, circular RNAs, Nrf2 c-Myc, and HIF-1α. At the final section, we provide a discussion about how anti-tumor compounds affect miR/autophagy axis in ensuring chemosensitivity. These topics are described in this review to show how autophagy inhibition/induction can lead to chemosensitivity/chemoresistance, and miRs are considered as key players in these discussions.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autophagy; Cancer therapy; Chemoresistance; Chemosensitivity; MicroRNA
Divisions: Sabancı University Nanotechnology Research and Application Center
Depositing User: Ali Zarrabi
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2022 12:06
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2022 12:06
URI: https://research.sabanciuniv.edu/id/eprint/43262

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