Salt and drought stress responses in cultivated beets (Beta vulgaris L.) and wild beet (Beta maritima L.)

Yolcu, Seher and Alavilli, Hemasundar and Ganesh, Pushpalatha and Panigrahy, Madhusmita and Song, Kihwan (2021) Salt and drought stress responses in cultivated beets (Beta vulgaris L.) and wild beet (Beta maritima L.). Plants-Basel, 10 (9). ISSN 2223-7747

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Cultivated beets, including leaf beets, garden beets, fodder beets, and sugar beets, which belong to the species Beta vulgaris L., are economically important edible crops that have been originated from a halophytic wild ancestor, Beta maritima L. (sea beet or wild beet). Salt and drought are major abiotic stresses, which limit crop growth and production and have been most studied in beets compared to other environmental stresses. Characteristically, beets are salt- and drought-tolerant crops; however, prolonged and persistent exposure to salt and drought stress results in a significant drop in beet productivity and yield. Hence, to harness the best benefits of beet cultivation, knowledge of stress-coping strategies, and stress-tolerant beet varieties, are prerequisites. In the current review, we have summarized morpho-physiological, biochemical, and molecular responses of sugar beet, fodder beet, red beet, chard (B. vulgaris L.), and their ancestor, wild beet (B. maritima L.) under salt and drought stresses. We have also described the beet genes and noncoding RNAs previously reported for their roles in salt and drought response/tolerance. The plant biologists and breeders can potentiate the utilization of these resources as prospective targets for developing crops with abiotic stress tolerance.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Beta maritima L; Beta vulgaris L; Drought; Noncoding RNAs; Salinity; Stress evaluation parameters; Stress tolerance; Stress-responsive genes
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Seher Yolcu
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2022 10:58
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2022 12:44

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