An insight into the abiotic stress responses of cultivated beets (Beta vulgaris L.)

Yolcu, Seher and Alavilli, Hemasundar and Ganesh, Pushpalatha and Asif, Muhammad and Kumar, Manu and Song, Kihwan (2022) An insight into the abiotic stress responses of cultivated beets (Beta vulgaris L.). Plants-Basel, 11 (1). ISSN 2223-7747

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Abstract

Cultivated beets (sugar beets, fodder beets, leaf beets, and garden beets) belonging to the species Beta vulgaris L. are important sources for many products such as sugar, bioethanol, animal feed, human nutrition, pulp residue, pectin extract, and molasses. Beta maritima L. (sea beet or wild beet) is a halophytic wild ancestor of all cultivated beets. With a requirement of less water and having shorter growth period than sugarcane, cultivated beets are preferentially spreading from temperate regions to subtropical countries. The beet cultivars display tolerance to several abiotic stresses such as salt, drought, cold, heat, and heavy metals. However, many environmental factors adversely influence growth, yield, and quality of beets. Hence, selection of stress-tolerant beet varieties and knowledge on the response mechanisms of beet cultivars to different abiotic stress factors are most required. The present review discusses morpho-physiological, biochemical, and molecular responses of cultivated beets (B. vulgaris L.) to different abiotic stresses including alkaline, cold, heat, heavy metals, and UV radiation. Additionally, we describe the beet genes reported for their involvement in response to these stress conditions.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Abiotic stress; Alkaline; Beet cultivation; Cold; Heat; Heavy metals; Stress tolerance; Ultraviolet radiation
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences > Academic programs > Biological Sciences & Bio Eng.
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Seher Yolcu
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2022 18:25
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2022 18:25
URI: https://research.sabanciuniv.edu/id/eprint/42679

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