Environmental effects on AGN activity via extinction-free mid-infrared census

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Santos, Daryl Joe D. and Goto, Tomotsugu and Kim, Seong Jin and Wang, Ting-Wen and Ho, Simon C-C and Hashimoto, Tetsuya and Huang, Ting-Chi and Lu, Ting-Yi and On, Alvina Y. L. and Wong, Yi-Hang Valerie and Hsiao, Tiger Yu-Yang and Pollo, Agnieszka and Malkan, Matthew A. and Miyaji, Takamitsu and Toba, Yoshiki and Kilerci Eser, Ece and Hwang, Ho Seong and Jeong, Woong-Seob and Shim, Hyunjin and Pearson, Chris and Poliszczuk, Artem and Chen, Bo Han and Mack, Katarzyna (2021) Environmental effects on AGN activity via extinction-free mid-infrared census. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 507 (2). pp. 3070-3088. ISSN 0035-8711 (Print) 1365-2966 (Online)

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Abstract

How does the environment affect active galactic nucleus (AGN) activity? We investigated this question in an extinction-free way by selecting 1120 infrared (IR) galaxies in the AKARI North Ecliptic Pole Wide field at redshift z <= 1.2. A unique feature of the AKARI satellite is its continuous nine-band IR filter coverage, providing us with an unprecedentedly large sample of IR spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of galaxies. By taking advantage of this, for the first time, we explored the AGN activity derived from SED modelling as a function of redshift, luminosity, and environment. We quantified AGN activity in two ways: AGN contribution fraction (ratio of AGN luminosity to the total IR luminosity), and AGN number fraction (ratio of number of AGNs to the total galaxy sample). We found that galaxy environment (normalized local density) does not greatly affect either definitions of AGN activity of our IRG/LIRG samples (log L-TIR <= 12). However, we found a different behaviour for ULIRGs (log L-TIR > 12). At our highest redshift bin (0.7 less than or similar to z less than or similar to 1.2), AGN activity increases with denser environments, but at the intermediate redshift bin (0.3 <= z <= 0.7), the opposite is observed. These results may hint at a different physical mechanism for ULIRGs. The trends are not statistically significant (p >= 0.060 at the intermediate redshift bin, and p >= 0.139 at the highest redshift bin). Possible different behaviour of ULIRGs is a key direction to explore further with future space missions (e.g. JWST, Euclid, SPHEREx).
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: galaxies: active; infrared: galaxies
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Ece Kilerci
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2021 11:33
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2022 15:55
URI: https://research.sabanciuniv.edu/id/eprint/42558

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