Discovering lncRNA mediated sponge interactions in breast cancer molecular subtypes

Olgun, Gülden and Şahin, Özgür and Taştan, Öznur (2018) Discovering lncRNA mediated sponge interactions in breast cancer molecular subtypes. BMC Genomics, 19 (1). ISSN 1471-2164 (Print) 1471-2164 (Online)

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Background: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) can indirectly regulate mRNAs expression levels by sequestering microRNAs (miRNAs), and act as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) or as sponges. Previous studies identified lncRNA-mediated sponge interactions in various cancers including the breast cancer. However, breast cancer subtypes are quite distinct in terms of their molecular profiles; therefore, ceRNAs are expected to be subtype-specific as well. Results: To find lncRNA-mediated ceRNA interactions in breast cancer subtypes, we develop an integrative approach. We conduct partial correlation analysis and kernel independence tests on patient gene expression profiles and further refine the candidate interactions with miRNA target information. We find that although there are sponges common to multiple subtypes, there are also distinct subtype-specific interactions. Functional enrichment of mRNAs that participate in these interactions highlights distinct biological processes for different subtypes. Interestingly, some of the ceRNAs also reside in close proximity in the genome; for example, those involving HOX genes, HOTAIR, miR-196a-1 and miR-196a-2. We also discover subtype-specific sponge interactions with high prognostic potential. We found that patients differ significantly in their survival distributions if they are group based on the expression patterns of specific ceRNA interactions. However, it is not the case if the expression of individual RNAs participating in ceRNA is used. Conclusion: These results can help shed light on subtype-specific mechanisms of breast cancer, and the methodology developed herein can help uncover sponges in other diseases.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: lncRNA mediated sponges; ceRNA interactions; noncoding RNA; miRNA; lncRNA; Partial correlation analysis; Kernel conditional independence test
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences > Academic programs > Biological Sciences & Bio Eng.
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences > Academic programs > Computer Science & Eng.
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Öznur Taştan
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2019 19:15
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2023 14:58

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