Synergy and selectivity of antifungal small molecule combinations

Weinstein, Zohar and Kuru, Nurdan and Clemons, Paul and Roth, Frederick and Çokol, Murat (2015) Synergy and selectivity of antifungal small molecule combinations. In: FASEB Microbiology Meeting,

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While synergistic small molecule combinations are often sought for increased efficacy, the selectivity of antimicrobial compound combinations is also paramount to drug therapy. Using the yeast model organisms S. cerevisiae and C. albicans, we conducted in vitro checkerboard assays for drug interactions of all pairwise combinations of 12 antifungals. We assessed the concavity of isobolograms for growth inhibition as a metric for drug interactions. We found that drug interactions were significantly conserved between these species despite varied concentration-response relationships of single drugs. We developed a metric, the fractional selectivity index, which indicates the relative growth of two cell types in any given ratio of a drug combination. Based on this analysis, we found drug regimens with increased selectivity for growth inhibition of one yeast species relative to another. Our analysis suggests a framework for discovering fixed-dose drug combinations with increased efficacy and selectivity for specific pathogens.
Item Type: Papers in Conference Proceedings
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences > Academic programs > Biological Sciences & Bio Eng.
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Murat Çokol
Date Deposited: 24 Dec 2015 21:22
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2022 09:21

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