Simultaneous NuSTAR/Chandra observations of the bursting pulsar GRO J1744-28 during its third reactivation

Younes, G. and Kouveliotou, C. and Grefenstette, B. W. and Tomsick, J. A. and Tennant, A. and Finger, M. H. and Fuerst, F. and Pottschmidt, K. and Bhalerao, V. and Boggs, S. E. and Boirin, L. and Chakrabarty, D. and Christensen, F. E. and Craig, W. W. and Degenaar, N. and Fabian, A. C. and Gandhi, P. and Göğüş, Ersin and Hailey, C. J. and Harrison, F. A. and Kennea, J. A. and Miller, J. M. and Stern, D. and Zhang, W. W. (2015) Simultaneous NuSTAR/Chandra observations of the bursting pulsar GRO J1744-28 during its third reactivation. Astrophysical Journal, 804 (1). ISSN 0004-637X (Print) 1538-4357 (Online)

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We report on a 10 ks simultaneous Chandra/High Energy Transmission Grating (HETG)-Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) observation of the Bursting Pulsar, GRO J1744-28, during its third detected outburst since discovery and after nearly 18 yr of quiescence. The source is detected up to 60 keV with an Eddington persistent flux level. Seven bursts, followed by dips, are seen with Chandra, three of which are also detected with NuSTAR. Timing analysis reveals a slight increase in the persistent emission pulsed fraction with energy (from 10% to 15%) up to 10 keV, above which it remains constant. The 0.5-70 keV spectra of the persistent and dip emission are the same within errors and well described by a blackbody (BB), a power-law (PL) with an exponential rolloff, a 10 keV feature, and a 6.7 keV emission feature, all modified by neutral absorption. Assuming that the BB emission originates in an accretion disk, we estimate its inner (magnetospheric) radius to be about 4 x 10(7) cm, which translates to a surface dipole field B approximate to 9 x 10(10) G. The Chandra/HETG spectrum resolves the 6.7 keV feature into (quasi-)neutral and highly ionized Fe XXV and Fe XXVI emission lines. XSTAR modeling shows these lines to also emanate from a truncated accretion disk. The burst spectra, with a peak flux more than an order of magnitude higher than Eddington, are well fit with a PL with an exponential rolloff and a 10 keV feature, with similar fit values compared to the persistent and dip spectra. The burst spectra lack a thermal component and any Fe features. Anisotropic (beamed) burst emission would explain both the lack of the BB and any Fe components.
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Article Number: 43
Uncontrolled Keywords: pulsars: general; stars: individual (GRO J1744-28); X-rays: binaries; X-rays: bursts
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460-466 Astrophysics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences > Basic Sciences > Physics
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Ersin Göğüş
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2015 22:07
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2019 11:26

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