Combining multiple biometrics to protect privacy

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Yanıkoğlu, Berrin and Kholmatov, Alisher Anatolyevich (2004) Combining multiple biometrics to protect privacy. In: Proceedings of ICPR-BCTP Workshop, Cambridge, England

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Abstract

As biometrics are gaining popularity, there is increased concern over the loss of privacy and potential misuse of biometric data held in central repositories. The association of fingerprints with criminals raises further concerns. On the other hand, the alternative suggestion of keeping biometric data in smart cards does not solve the problem, since forgers can always claim that their card is broken to avoid biometric verification altogether. We propose a biometric authentication framework which uses two separate biometric features combined to obtain a non-unique identifier of the individual, in order to address privacy concerns. As a particular example, we demonstrate a fingerprint verification system that uses two separate fingerprints of the same individual. A combined biometric ID composed of two fingerprints is stored in the central database and imprints from both fingers are required in the verification process, lowering the risk of misuse and privacy loss. We show that the system is successful in verifying a person’s identity given both fingerprints, while searching the combined fingerprint database using a single fingerprint, is impractical.
Item Type: Papers in Conference Proceedings
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Depositing User: Berrin Yanıkoğlu
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2007 02:00
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2022 08:38
URI: https://research.sabanciuniv.edu/id/eprint/1566

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