Profiles in coping: responses to sexual harassment across persons, organizations and cultures
Cortina, Lilia M. and Wasti, S. Arzu (2005) Profiles in coping: responses to sexual harassment across persons, organizations and cultures. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90 (1). pp. 182-192. ISSN 0021-9010
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.90.1.182
This study explicates the complexity of sexual harassment coping behavior among 4 diverse samples of working women: (a) working-class Hispanic Americans, (b) working-class Anglo Americans, (c) professional Turks, and (d) professional Anglo Americans. K-means cluster analysis revealed 3 common harassment coping profiles: (a) detached, (b) avoidant negotiating, and (c) support seeking. The authors then tested an integrated framework of coping profile determinants, involving social power, stressor severity, social support, and culture. Analysis of variance, chi-square, and discriminant function results identified significant determinants at each of the 4 levels of this ecological model. These findings underscore the importance of focusing on whole patterns of experience-and considering influences at the level of the individual employee and multiple levels of the surrounding context-when studying how women cope with workplace sexual harassment.
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