Silanization of SiO2 decorated carbon nanosheets from rice husk ash and its effect on workability and hydration of cement grouts
Berktas, Ilayda and Chaudhari, Ojas and Ghafar, Ali Nejad and Menceloğlu, Yusuf Z. and Saner Okan, Burcu (2021) Silanization of SiO2 decorated carbon nanosheets from rice husk ash and its effect on workability and hydration of cement grouts. Nanomaterials, 11 (3) (655). ISSN 2079-4991
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano11030655
Rice husk ash (RHA) having a porous sructure and a high amount of amorphous silica nanoparticles (4 nm) decorated on the surface of carbon nanosheets is a suitable and cheap candidate for the use of a grout additive. In this study, neat RHA and functionalized RHA (f-RHA) with three different loadings were successfully incorporated into the cement-bentonite based grouts by adjusting the water to cement ratio. The workability of the developed grouts having RHA-based additives was analyzed in terms of bleeding, density, flow spread, and Marsh cone time. Additionally, the thermal and prolongation of hydration performances of the cementitious grout were enriched by successful attachment of amino-silane functional groups on the RHA surface. The heat of hydration performances of RHA and functionalized RHA introduced cementitious grout composite were assessed by isothermal calorimetry tests, and especially the kinetics of hydration was increased by the addition of RHA. The presence of amino silane groups in f-RHA intensified the heat adsorption by reacting with cement constituents, and thus resulted in the retardation and reduction in the heat flow. Therefore, using an amino-silane coupling agent increased the induction period and hindered the heat of hydration compared to the reference grout. On the other hand, the incorporation of RHA and f-RHA into the cement matrix did not affect the thermal conductivity of the grouts.
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