A dynamic prioritization policy for the callback option in a call center
Balcıoğlu, Barış and Kanavetas, Odysseas (2021) A dynamic prioritization policy for the callback option in a call center. Flexible Services and Manufacturing Journal . ISSN 1936-6582 (Print) 1936-6590 (Online) Published Online First http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10696-021-09413-y
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10696-021-09413-y
In this paper, we study the Mn/Mn/c/(K1+K2)+Mn system with two finite-size queues where underlying exponential random variables have state-dependent rates. When all servers are busy, upon arrival customers may join the online or the offline/callback queue or simply balk. Customers waiting in the online queue are impatient and if their patience expires, they may choose to join the callback queue instead of abandoning the system for good. Customers in the callback queue are assumed to be patient. Customers are served following a threshold policy: when the number of customers in the callback queue surpasses a threshold level, the next customer to serve is picked from here. Otherwise, only after a predetermined number of agents are reserved for future arrivals, customers remaining in the callback queue can be served. We conduct an exact analysis of this system and obtain its steady-state performance measures. The times spent in both queues are expressed as Phase-type distributions. With numerical examples, we present how the policy responds when shorter callback times are promised or customer characteristics vary.
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