Insecticide-releasing LLDPE films as greenhouse cover materials
Avaz, Merve Senem and Taştan, Ömer Faruk and Taş, Cüneyt Erdinç and Ünal, Hayriye and İnce, İkbal Agah and Menceloğlu, Yusuf Z. (2019) Insecticide-releasing LLDPE films as greenhouse cover materials. Materials Today Communications, 19 . pp. 170-176. ISSN 2352-4928
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mtcomm.2019.01.015
The use of chemical pesticides is limited by several public health concerns regarding their toxicity levels and indiscriminate use. Nevertheless, they are still vital components of agricultural industry since no other competitive equivalents to chemical pesticides still exist in terms of efficiency. This study describes the preparation and biological assessment of an insecticide releasing plasticfilm for agricultural covering purposes. The formulation was prepared by incorporation of deltamethrin loaded, nano-sized halloysite nanotubes into polymeric films. Thermal, morphological, and mechanical properties of films were characterized by Differential ScanningCalorimetry (DSC), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Universal Testing Machine UTM. Sustained release profiles of the films were evaluated by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA). Results reveal that deltamethrin was successfully loaded into halloysite nanotubes and nanotube incorporation enhances the elastic modulus of linear-low density polyethylene (LLDPE)films. In addition, films exhibit sustained release function of the active agent for 60 days. Bioassays of the nanocomposite films with varying deltamethrin doses tested on grasshoppers showed that theLD50values of the films are−x1.85 105g/cm2. Insecticidal activities of films were tested in greenhouse on Medicago Sativaplants contaminated with thrips and aphid. Nanocomposites are observed to repel mature aphids and kill young aphids and thrips.
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